Special physiotherapy for children
Physiotherapy for children Neos Kosmos Athens
Sensory integration (A.O.) is the process by which individuals can record, regulate and distinguish the sensory information they receive and through the sensory system to useful, adaptive behaviors in response to it (Ayres 1976). That is, sensory integration is a neurological process, in which the sensory system (part of the nervous system) organizes the (sensory) stimuli from the body and the environment, so that individuals develop adaptive behaviors (ie cognitive, practical and social skills), which make it easier for them to function smoothly in everyday life.
These stimuli are received by the five senses (touch, sight, hearing, taste and smell). They are also obtained from the vestibule and the proprioceptive system and from the receptivity (concerning the sensitivity to internal stimuli).
In more detail:
Touch lays the foundations for knowledge and exploration, for emotional and neurological development.
Vision (visual perception) is responsible for the recognition of objects, the perception of three-dimensional space, the development of visual-motor skills, balance.
Hearing (acoustic processing) is responsible for locating, recognizing and distinguishing the various sounds, the orientation.
Taste is related to food discrimination and contributes to feeding and speech.
The vestibular system (located inside) is responsible for maintaining balance and constantly sends information to the brain about the position of the head and body.
The proprioceptive system (with receptors mainly in muscles, ligaments and joints), contributes to body cognition, the perception of muscle strength, speed, motor programming.
Sensory integration describes the normal sensory function and is directly related to the motor, cognitive, emotional and social development of each individual.
It also determines the form of sensory disturbances (adjustment problems, discrimination, bilateral motor coordination, action disorders) and sensory intervention programs using sensory integration techniques (eg floating equipment, rollers, balls, balance platforms, etc.). )